"how do you connect to multiple mysql databases on a single webpage?" Answer’s

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Warning : mysql_xx functions are deprecated since php 5.5 and removed since php 7.0 (see http://php.net/manual/intro.mysql.php), use mysqli_xx functions or see the answer below from @Troelskn


You can make multiple calls to mysql_connect(), but if the parameters are the same you need to pass true for the '$new_link' (fourth) parameter, otherwise the same connection is reused. For example:

$dbh1 = mysql_connect($hostname, $username, $password); 
$dbh2 = mysql_connect($hostname, $username, $password, true); 

mysql_select_db('database1', $dbh1);
mysql_select_db('database2', $dbh2);

Then to query database 1 pass the first link identifier:

mysql_query('select * from tablename', $dbh1);

and for database 2 pass the second:

mysql_query('select * from tablename', $dbh2);

If you do not pass a link identifier then the last connection created is used (in this case the one represented by $dbh2) e.g.:

mysql_query('select * from tablename');

Other options

If the MySQL user has access to both databases and they are on the same host (i.e. both DBs are accessible from the same connection) you could:

  • Keep one connection open and call mysql_select_db() to swap between as necessary. I am not sure this is a clean solution and you could end up querying the wrong database.
  • Specify the database name when you reference tables within your queries (e.g. SELECT * FROM database2.tablename). This is likely to be a pain to implement.

Also please read troelskn's answer because that is a better approach if you are able to use PDO rather than the older extensions.

Wednesday, March 31, 2021
 
jeremyharris
answered 11 Months ago
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