Asked  7 Months ago    Answers:  5   Viewed   35 times

I'm building a REST API on Azure, but when I try to access an endpoint via the PUT method I get a HTTP 405 "Method Not Allowed" status along with an IIS error message:

The page you are looking for cannot be displayed because an invalid method (HTTP verb) is being used.

How do I enable the PUT method, and other methods that may be blocked by default by Azure's default config settings?

I tried adding a web.config file to the root of my application with allowUnlisted set to true on the verbs element:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<configuration>
   <system.webServer>
      <security>
         <requestFiltering>
            <verbs applyToWebDAV="false" allowUnlisted="true" />
         </requestFiltering>
      </security>
   </system.webServer>
</configuration>

This changed nothing.

I'm an open source guy, so the world of IIS is very unfamiliar to me. Any help is appreciated.

Thanks!

 Answers

46

Add the following to the web.config in the system.webServer element:

<handlers>
  <remove name="PHP54_via_FastCGI" />
  <add name="PHP54_via_FastCGI" path="*.php" verb="GET, PUT, POST, HEAD, OPTIONS, TRACE, PROPFIND, PROPPATCH, MKCOL, COPY, MOVE, LOCK, UNLOCK" modules="FastCgiModule" scriptProcessor="D:Program Files (x86)PHPv5.4php-cgi.exe" resourceType="Either" requireAccess="Script" />
</handlers>

This works for the built in versions of PHP, the current default is PHP 5.4, but if you have selected PHP 5.3 or PHP 5.5 you will need to modify the path of the php-cgi handler.

Wednesday, March 31, 2021
 
avon_verma
answered 7 Months ago
35

Getting SOAP working usually does not require compiling PHP from source. I would recommend trying that only as a last option.

For good measure, check to see what your phpinfo says, if anything, about SOAP extensions:

$ php -i | grep -i soap

to ensure that it is the PHP extension that is missing.

Assuming you do not see anything about SOAP in the phpinfo, see what PHP SOAP packages might be available to you.

In Ubuntu/Debian you can search with:

$ apt-cache search php | grep -i soap

or in RHEL/Fedora you can search with:

$ yum search php | grep -i soap

There are usually two PHP SOAP packages available to you, usually php-soap and php-nusoap. php-soap is typically what you get with configuring PHP with --enable-soap.

In Ubuntu/Debian you can install with:

$ sudo apt-get install php-soap

Or in RHEL/Fedora you can install with:

$ sudo yum install php-soap

After the installation, you might need to place an ini file and restart Apache.

Monday, June 21, 2021
 
xrock
answered 4 Months ago
82

The solution is to have the connection strings and app settings created as nested child resources of the web site. By using the child resource strategy, one can then make the appsettings dependent upon both the web site and application insights. This allows provisioning to occur in the following order:

  1. Web Site
  2. Application Insights
  3. Web Site config / appsettings

The following two answers were helpful. The first one illustrates how to pull the instrumentation key. The second one illustrates how to nest app settings and connection strings as child resources of the web site.

How to pull the instrumentation key

How to nest app settings as child resources

Here is my final template:

{
  "$schema": "http://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2015-01-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "webSiteName": {
      "type": "string"
    },
    "aadTenant": {
      "type": "string"
    },
    "aadAudience": {
      "type": "string"
    },
    "endpoints": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "n/a"
    },
    "apiEndpoint": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "n/a"
    },
    "sqlConnStrName": {
      "type": "string"
    },
    "sqlConnStrValue": {
      "type": "string"
    },
    "skuName": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "F1",
      "allowedValues": [
        "F1",
        "D1",
        "B1",
        "B2",
        "B3",
        "S1",
        "S2",
        "S3",
        "P1",
        "P2",
        "P3",
        "P4"
      ],
      "metadata": {
        "description": "Describes plan's pricing tier and instance size. Check details at https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/pricing/details/app-service/"
      }
    },
    "skuCapacity": {
      "type": "int",
      "defaultValue": 1,
      "minValue": 1,
      "metadata": {
        "description": "Describes plan's instance count"
      }
    }
  },
  "variables": {
    "hostingPlanName": "[concat(parameters('webSiteName'), '-hostingplan')]"
  },
  "resources": [
    {
      "apiVersion": "2015-08-01",
      "name": "[variables('hostingPlanName')]",
      "type": "Microsoft.Web/serverfarms",
      "location": "[resourceGroup().location]",
      "tags": {
        "displayName": "HostingPlan"
      },
      "sku": {
        "name": "[parameters('skuName')]",
        "capacity": "[parameters('skuCapacity')]"
      },
      "properties": {
        "name": "[variables('hostingPlanName')]"
      }
    },
    {
      "apiVersion": "2015-08-01",
      "name": "[parameters('webSiteName')]",
      "type": "Microsoft.Web/sites",
      "location": "[resourceGroup().location]",
      "dependsOn": [
        "[variables('hostingPlanName')]"
      ],
      "tags": {
        "[concat('hidden-related:', resourceId('Microsoft.Web/serverfarms', variables('hostingPlanName')))]": "empty",
        "displayName": "Website"
      },
      "properties": {
        "name": "[parameters('webSiteName')]",
        "serverFarmId": "[resourceId('Microsoft.Web/serverfarms', variables('hostingPlanName'))]"
      },
      "resources": [
        {
          "apiVersion": "2015-08-01",
          "name": "appsettings",
          "type": "config",
          "dependsOn": [
            "[parameters('webSiteName')]",
            "[concat('AppInsights', parameters('webSiteName'))]"
          ],
          "properties": {
            "ida:Tenant": "[parameters('aadTenant')]",
            "ida:Audience": "[parameters('aadAudience')]",
            "endpoints": "[parameters('endpoints')]",
            "apiEndpoint": "[parameters('apiEndpoint')]",
            "applicationInsightsInstrumentationKey": "[reference(resourceId('Microsoft.Insights/components', concat('AppInsights', parameters('webSiteName'))), '2014-04-01').InstrumentationKey]"
          }
        },
        {
          "apiVersion": "2015-08-01",
          "type": "config",
          "name": "connectionstrings",
          "dependsOn": [
            "[parameters('webSiteName')]"
          ],
          "properties": {
            "[parameters('sqlConnStrName')]": {
              "value": "[parameters('sqlConnStrValue')]",
              "type": "SQLServer"
            }
          }
        },
        {
          "apiVersion": "2015-08-01",
          "name": "logs",
          "type": "config",
          "dependsOn": [
            "[parameters('webSiteName')]"
          ],
          "properties": {
            "applicationLogs": {
              "fileSystem": {
                "level": "Off"
              },
              "azureTableStorage": {
                "level": "Off",
                "sasUrl": null
              },
              "azureBlobStorage": {
                "level": "Information",
                "sasUrl": "TO DO: pass in a SAS Url",
                "retentionInDays": null
              }
            },
            "httpLogs": {
              "fileSystem": {
                "retentionInMb": 40,
                "enabled": true
              }
            },
            "failedRequestsTracing": {
              "enabled": true
            },
            "detailedErrorMessages": {
              "enabled": true
            }
          }
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "apiVersion": "2014-04-01",
      "name": "[concat(variables('hostingPlanName'), '-', resourceGroup().name)]",
      "type": "Microsoft.Insights/autoscalesettings",
      "location": "[resourceGroup().location]",
      "tags": {
        "[concat('hidden-link:', resourceId('Microsoft.Web/serverfarms', variables('hostingPlanName')))]": "Resource",
        "displayName": "AutoScaleSettings"
      },
      "dependsOn": [
        "[variables('hostingPlanName')]"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "profiles": [
          {
            "name": "Default",
            "capacity": {
              "minimum": 1,
              "maximum": 2,
              "default": 1
            },
            "rules": [
              {
                "metricTrigger": {
                  "metricName": "CpuPercentage",
                  "metricResourceUri": "[resourceId('Microsoft.Web/serverfarms', variables('hostingPlanName'))]",
                  "timeGrain": "PT1M",
                  "statistic": "Average",
                  "timeWindow": "PT10M",
                  "timeAggregation": "Average",
                  "operator": "GreaterThan",
                  "threshold": 80.0
                },
                "scaleAction": {
                  "direction": "Increase",
                  "type": "ChangeCount",
                  "value": 1,
                  "cooldown": "PT10M"
                }
              },
              {
                "metricTrigger": {
                  "metricName": "CpuPercentage",
                  "metricResourceUri": "[resourceId('Microsoft.Web/serverfarms', variables('hostingPlanName'))]",
                  "timeGrain": "PT1M",
                  "statistic": "Average",
                  "timeWindow": "PT1H",
                  "timeAggregation": "Average",
                  "operator": "LessThan",
                  "threshold": 60.0
                },
                "scaleAction": {
                  "direction": "Decrease",
                  "type": "ChangeCount",
                  "value": 1,
                  "cooldown": "PT1H"
                }
              }
            ]
          }
        ],
        "enabled": false,
        "name": "[concat(variables('hostingPlanName'), '-', resourceGroup().name)]",
        "targetResourceUri": "[resourceId('Microsoft.Web/serverfarms', variables('hostingPlanName'))]"
      }
    },
    {
      "apiVersion": "2014-04-01",
      "name": "[concat('ServerErrors ', parameters('webSiteName'))]",
      "type": "Microsoft.Insights/alertrules",
      "location": "[resourceGroup().location]",
      "dependsOn": [
        "[parameters('webSiteName')]"
      ],
      "tags": {
        "[concat('hidden-link:', resourceId('Microsoft.Web/sites', parameters('webSiteName')))]": "Resource",
        "displayName": "ServerErrorsAlertRule"
      },
      "properties": {
        "name": "[concat('ServerErrors ', parameters('webSiteName'))]",
        "description": "[concat(parameters('webSiteName'), ' has some server errors, status code 5xx.')]",
        "isEnabled": true,
        "condition": {
          "odata.type": "Microsoft.Azure.Management.Insights.Models.ThresholdRuleCondition",
          "dataSource": {
            "odata.type": "Microsoft.Azure.Management.Insights.Models.RuleMetricDataSource",
            "resourceUri": "[resourceId('Microsoft.Web/sites', parameters('webSiteName'))]",
            "metricName": "Http5xx"
          },
          "operator": "GreaterThan",
          "threshold": 5.0,
          "windowSize": "PT5M"
        },
        "action": {
          "odata.type": "Microsoft.Azure.Management.Insights.Models.RuleEmailAction",
          "sendToServiceOwners": true,
          "customEmails": ["you@example.com"]
        }
      }
    },
    {
      "apiVersion": "2014-04-01",
      "name": "[concat('ForbiddenRequests ', parameters('webSiteName'))]",
      "type": "Microsoft.Insights/alertrules",
      "location": "[resourceGroup().location]",
      "dependsOn": [
        "[parameters('webSiteName')]"
      ],
      "tags": {
        "[concat('hidden-link:', resourceId('Microsoft.Web/sites', parameters('webSiteName')))]": "Resource",
        "displayName": "ForbiddenRequestsAlertRule"
      },
      "properties": {
        "name": "[concat('ForbiddenRequests ', parameters('webSiteName'))]",
        "description": "[concat(parameters('webSiteName'), ' has some requests that are forbidden, status code 403.')]",
        "isEnabled": true,
        "condition": {
          "odata.type": "Microsoft.Azure.Management.Insights.Models.ThresholdRuleCondition",
          "dataSource": {
            "odata.type": "Microsoft.Azure.Management.Insights.Models.RuleMetricDataSource",
            "resourceUri": "[resourceId('Microsoft.Web/sites', parameters('webSiteName'))]",
            "metricName": "Http403"
          },
          "operator": "GreaterThan",
          "threshold": 5,
          "windowSize": "PT5M"
        },
        "action": {
          "odata.type": "Microsoft.Azure.Management.Insights.Models.RuleEmailAction",
          "sendToServiceOwners": true,
          "customEmails": [ ]
        }
      }
    },
    {
      "apiVersion": "2014-04-01",
      "name": "[concat('CPUHigh ', variables('hostingPlanName'))]",
      "type": "Microsoft.Insights/alertrules",
      "location": "[resourceGroup().location]",
      "dependsOn": [
        "[variables('hostingPlanName')]"
      ],
      "tags": {
        "[concat('hidden-link:', resourceId('Microsoft.Web/serverfarms', variables('hostingPlanName')))]": "Resource",
        "displayName": "CPUHighAlertRule"
      },
      "properties": {
        "name": "[concat('CPUHigh ', variables('hostingPlanName'))]",
        "description": "[concat('The average CPU is high across all the instances of ', variables('hostingPlanName'))]",
        "isEnabled": false,
        "condition": {
          "odata.type": "Microsoft.Azure.Management.Insights.Models.ThresholdRuleCondition",
          "dataSource": {
            "odata.type": "Microsoft.Azure.Management.Insights.Models.RuleMetricDataSource",
            "resourceUri": "[resourceId('Microsoft.Web/serverfarms', variables('hostingPlanName'))]",
            "metricName": "CpuPercentage"
          },
          "operator": "GreaterThan",
          "threshold": 90,
          "windowSize": "PT15M"
        },
        "action": {
          "odata.type": "Microsoft.Azure.Management.Insights.Models.RuleEmailAction",
          "sendToServiceOwners": true,
          "customEmails": [ ]
        }
      }
    },
    {
      "apiVersion": "2014-04-01",
      "name": "[concat('LongHttpQueue ', variables('hostingPlanName'))]",
      "type": "Microsoft.Insights/alertrules",
      "location": "[resourceGroup().location]",
      "dependsOn": [
        "[variables('hostingPlanName')]"
      ],
      "tags": {
        "[concat('hidden-link:', resourceId('Microsoft.Web/serverfarms', variables('hostingPlanName')))]": "Resource",
        "displayName": "AutoScaleSettings"
      },
      "properties": {
        "name": "[concat('LongHttpQueue ', variables('hostingPlanName'))]",
        "description": "[concat('The HTTP queue for the instances of ', variables('hostingPlanName'), ' has a large number of pending requests.')]",
        "isEnabled": false,
        "condition": {
          "odata.type": "Microsoft.Azure.Management.Insights.Models.ThresholdRuleCondition",
          "dataSource": {
            "odata.type": "Microsoft.Azure.Management.Insights.Models.RuleMetricDataSource",
            "resourceUri": "[concat(resourceGroup().id, '/providers/Microsoft.Web/serverfarms/', variables('hostingPlanName'))]",
            "metricName": "HttpQueueLength"
          },
          "operator": "GreaterThan",
          "threshold": 100.0,
          "windowSize": "PT5M"
        },
        "action": {
          "odata.type": "Microsoft.Azure.Management.Insights.Models.RuleEmailAction",
          "sendToServiceOwners": true,
          "customEmails": [ ]
        }
      }
    },
    {
      "apiVersion": "2014-04-01",
      "name": "[concat('AppInsights', parameters('webSiteName'))]",
      "type": "Microsoft.Insights/components",
      "location": "Central US",
      "dependsOn": [
        "[parameters('webSiteName')]"
      ],
      "tags": {
        "[concat('hidden-link:', resourceId('Microsoft.Web/sites', parameters('webSiteName')))]": "Resource",
        "displayName": "AppInsightsComponent"
      },
      "properties": {
        "ApplicationId": "[parameters('webSiteName')]"
      }
    }
  ],
  "outputs": {
    "siteUri": {
      "type": "string",
      "value": "[reference(concat('Microsoft.Web/sites/', parameters('webSiteName')), '2015-08-01').hostnames[0]]"
    }
  }

}
Monday, August 16, 2021
 
maciekm
answered 2 Months ago
49

If the library simply needs to be on the path for your application to pick it up, then just add it as an item in the project you're deploying, and it will get uploaded up to Azure, and deployed alongside your application.

If some commands are required to install it, you can use startup tasks.

As for the video stream, you can open a socket (using a TCP endpoint) and stream the video up to an azure instance that way. That's probably the most efficient way of doing it if you want real time video processing. If you want to record the video and upload it, look at using blob storage. You can then use a message queue to signal to the worker, that there is a video waiting to be processed.

Tuesday, August 24, 2021
 
Zigglzworth
answered 2 Months ago
92

It sounds like your SpringBoot project lacked a web.config file which will be deployed at the path wwwroot for helping to handle your ROOT.jar.

Here is a sample web.config file for SpringBoot runnable jar.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<configuration>
  <system.webServer>
    <handlers>
      <add name="httpPlatformHandler" path="*" verb="*" modules="httpPlatformHandler" resourceType="Unspecified" />
    </handlers>
    <httpPlatform processPath="%JAVA_HOME%binjava.exe"
        arguments="-Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true -Dserver.port=%HTTP_PLATFORM_PORT% -jar &quot;%HOME%sitewwwrootROOT.jar&quot;">
    </httpPlatform>
  </system.webServer>
</configuration>

As above, it comes from my answer of a similar SO thread Deploying Springboot to Azure App Service which you can refer to.

Wednesday, September 1, 2021
 
thegrinner
answered 2 Months ago
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