Asked  7 Months ago    Answers:  5   Viewed   28 times

Why is it whenever I use scandir() I receive periods at the beginning of the array?

Array
(
    [0] => .
    [1] => ..
    [2] => bar.php
    [3] => foo.txt
    [4] => somedir
)
Array
(
    [0] => somedir
    [1] => foo.txt
    [2] => bar.php
    [3] => ..
    [4] => .
)

 Answers

62

Those are the current (.) and parent (..) directories. They are present in all directories, and are used to refer to the directory itself and its direct parent.

Wednesday, March 31, 2021
 
cbcp
answered 7 Months ago
89

Use glob :

if (count(glob("path/*")) === 0 ) { // empty

A nice thing about glob is that it doesn't return . and .. directories.

Wednesday, March 31, 2021
 
EastSw
answered 7 Months ago
72
/**
*  function get files 
*  @param $path string = path to fine files in 
*  @param $accept array = array of extensions to accept 
*  @param currentLevel = 0, stopLevel = 0 
*  @return array of madmanFile objects, but you can modify it to 
*  return whatever suits your needs.  
*/

    public static function getFiles( $path = '.', $accept, $currentLevel = 0, $stopLevel = 0){

            $path = trim($path);                    //trim whitespcae if any
            if(substr($path,-1)=='/'){$path = substr($path,0,-1);}  //cutoff the last "/" on path if provided
            $selectedFiles = array();
            try{
                    //ignore these files/folders
                    $ignoreRegexp = "/.(T|t)rash/";
                    $ignore = array( 'cgi-bin', '.', '..', '.svn');
                    $dh = @opendir( $path );
                    //Loop through the directory
                    while( false !== ( $file = readdir( $dh ) ) ){
                            // Check that this file is not to be ignored
                            if( !in_array( $file, $ignore ) and !preg_match($ignoreRegexp,$file)){
                            $spaces = str_repeat( ' ', ( $currentLevel * 4 ) );
                                    // Its a directory, so we need to keep reading down...
                                    if( is_dir( "$path/$file" ) ){
                                            //merge current selectFiles array with recursion return which is
                                            //another array of selectedFiles
                                            $selectedFiles = array_merge($selectedFiles,MadmanFileManager::getFiles( "$path/$file", $accept, ($currentLe$
                                    } else{
                                            $info = pathinfo($file);
                                            if(in_array($info['extension'], $accept)){
                                                    $selectedFiles[] = new MadmanFile($info['filename'], $info['extension'], MadmanFileManager::getSize($

                                            }//end if in array
                                    }//end if/else is_dir
                            }
                    }//end while
                    closedir( $dh );
                    // Close the directory handle
            }catch (Exception $e){
                    echo 'Caught exception: ',  $e->getMessage(), "n";
            }

            return $selectedFiles;
    }
Wednesday, March 31, 2021
 
aWebDeveloper
answered 7 Months ago
79

Use unshift. It's like push, except it adds elements to the beginning of the array instead of the end.

  • unshift/push - add an element to the beginning/end of an array
  • shift/pop - remove and return the first/last element of an array

A simple diagram...

   unshift -> array <- push
   shift   <- array -> pop
 

and chart:

          add  remove  start  end
   push    X                   X
    pop           X            X
unshift    X             X
  shift           X      X

Check out the MDN Array documentation. Virtually every language that has the ability to push/pop elements from an array will also have the ability to unshift/shift (sometimes called push_front/pop_front) elements, you should never have to implement these yourself.


As pointed out in the comments, if you want to avoid mutating your original array, you can use concat, which concatenates two or more arrays together. You can use this to functionally push a single element onto the front or back of an existing array; to do so, you need to turn the new element into a single element array:

const array = [3, 2, 1]

const newFirstElement = 4

const newArray = [newFirstElement].concat(array) // [ 4, 3, 2, 1 ]

console.log(newArray);

concat can also append items. The arguments to concat can be of any type; they are implicitly wrapped in a single-element array, if they are not already an array:

const array = [3, 2, 1]

const newLastElement = 0

// Both of these lines are equivalent:
const newArray1 = array.concat(newLastElement) // [ 3, 2, 1, 0 ]
const newArray2 = array.concat([newLastElement]) // [ 3, 2, 1, 0 ]

console.log(newArray1);
console.log(newArray2);
Tuesday, June 1, 2021
 
binoculars
answered 5 Months ago
47

Instance member variables are initialized when the instance itself is initialized. It's too early for findViewById()

Before onCreate() your activity does not yet have a Window that findViewById() needs internally. Before setContentView() (that you should be calling in onCreate()) there are no views to be found either.

Therefore init your view references in onCreate() and after setContentView().

Tuesday, June 1, 2021
 
Student
answered 5 Months ago
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