Asked  7 Months ago    Answers:  5   Viewed   33 times

I have a simple XML document:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<cellphones>
  <telefon>
    <model>Easy DB</model>
    <proizvodjac>Alcatel</proizvodjac>
    <cena>25</cena>
  </telefon>
  <telefon>
    <model>3310</model>
    <proizvodjac>Nokia</proizvodjac>
    <cena>30</cena>
  </telefon>
  <telefon>
    <model>GF768</model>
    <proizvodjac>Ericsson</proizvodjac>
    <cena>15</cena>
  </telefon>
  <telefon>
    <model>Skeleton</model>
    <proizvodjac>Panasonic</proizvodjac>
    <cena>45</cena>
  </telefon>
  <telefon>
    <model>Earl</model>
    <proizvodjac>Sharp</proizvodjac>
    <cena>60</cena>
  </telefon>
</cellphones>

I need to print the content of this file using XML DOM, and it needs to be structured like this:

"model: Easy DB
proizvodjac: Alcatel
cena: 25"

for each node inside the XML.

IT HAS TO BE DONE using XML DOM. That's the problem. I can do it the usual, simple way. But this one bothers me because I can't seem to find any solution on the internet.

This is as far as I can go, but I need to access inside nodes (child nodes) and to get node values. I also want to get rid of some weird string "#text" that comes up out of the blue.

<?php
    //kreira se DOMDocument objekat
    $xmlDoc = new DOMDocument();

    //u xml objekat se ucitava xml fajl
    $xmlDoc->load("poruke.xml");

    //dodeljuje se promenljivoj koreni element
    $x = $xmlDoc->documentElement;

    //prolazi se kroz petlju tako sto se ispisuje informacija o podelementima
    foreach ($x->childNodes AS $item){
        print $item->nodeName . " = " . $item->nodeValue . "<br />";
    }
?>

Thanks

 Answers

18

Explanation for weird #text strings

The weird #text strings dont come out of the blue but are actual Text Nodes. When you load a formatted XML document with DOM any whitespace, e.g. indenting, linebreaks and node values will be part of the DOM as DOMText instances by default, e.g.

<cellphones>nt<telefon>ntt<model>Easy DB…
E           T   E        T     E      T      

where E is a DOMElement and T is a DOMText.

To get around that, load the document like this:

$dom = new DOMDocument;
$dom->preserveWhiteSpace = FALSE;
$dom->load('file.xml');

Then your document will be structured as follows

<cellphones><telefon><model>Easy DB…
E           E        E      T

Note that individual nodes representing the value of a DOMElement will still be DOMText instances, but the nodes that control the formatting are gone. More on that later.

Proof

You can test this easily with this code:

$dom = new DOMDocument;
$dom->preserveWhiteSpace = TRUE; // change to FALSE to see the difference
$dom->load('file.xml');
foreach ($dom->getElementsByTagName('telefon') as $telefon) {
    foreach($telefon->childNodes as $node) {
        printf(
            "Name: %s - Type: %s - Value: %sn",
            $node->nodeName,
            $node->nodeType,
            urlencode($node->nodeValue)
        );
    }
}

This code runs through all the telefon elements in your given XML and prints out node name, type and the urlencoded node value of it's child nodes. When you preserve the whitespace, you will get something like

Name: #text - Type: 3 - Value: %0A++++
Name: model - Type: 1 - Value: Easy+DB
Name: #text - Type: 3 - Value: %0A++++
Name: proizvodjac - Type: 1 - Value: Alcatel
Name: #text - Type: 3 - Value: %0A++++
Name: cena - Type: 1 - Value: 25
Name: #text - Type: 3 - Value: %0A++
…

The reason I urlencoded the value is to show that there is in fact DOMText nodes containing the indenting and the linebreaks in your DOMDocument. %0A is a linebreak, while each + is a space.

When you compare this with your XML, you will see there is a line break after each <telefon> element followed by four spaces until the <model> element starts. Likewise, there is only a newline and two spaces between the closing <cena> and the opening <telefon>.

The given type for these nodes is 3, which - according to the list of predefined constants - is XML_TEXT_NODE, e.g. a DOMText node. In lack of a proper element name, these nodes have a name of #text.

Disregarding Whitespace

Now, when you disable preservation of whitespace, the above will output:

Name: model - Type: 1 - Value: Easy+DB
Name: proizvodjac - Type: 1 - Value: Alcatel
Name: cena - Type: 1 - Value: 25
Name: model - Type: 1 - Value: 3310
…

As you can see, there is no more #text nodes, but only type 1 nodes, which means XML_ELEMENT_NODE, e.g. DOMElement.

DOMElements contain DOMText nodes

In the beginning I said, the values of DOMElements are DOMText instances too. But in the output above, they are nowhere to be seen. That's because we are accessing the nodeValue property, which returns the value of the DOMText as string. We can prove that the value is a DOMText easily though:

$dom = new DOMDocument;
$dom->preserveWhiteSpace = FALSE;
$dom->loadXML($xml);
foreach ($dom->getElementsByTagName('telefon') as $telefon) {
    $node = $telefon->firstChild->firstChild; // 1st child of model
    printf(
        "Name: %s - Type: %s - Value: %sn",
        $node->nodeName,
        $node->nodeType,
        urlencode($node->nodeValue)
    );
}

will output

Name: #text - Type: 3 - Value: Easy+DB
Name: #text - Type: 3 - Value: 3310
Name: #text - Type: 3 - Value: GF768
Name: #text - Type: 3 - Value: Skeleton
Name: #text - Type: 3 - Value: Earl

And this proves a DOMElement contains it's value as a DOMText and nodeValue is just returning the content of the DOMText directly.

More on nodeValue

In fact, nodeValue is smart enough to concatenate the contents of any DOMText children:

$dom = new DOMDocument;
$dom->loadXML('<root><p>Hello <em>World</em>!!!</p></root>');
$node = $dom->documentElement->firstChild; // p
printf(
    "Name: %s - Type: %s - Value: %sn",
    $node->nodeName,
    $node->nodeType,
    $node->nodeValue
);

will output

Name: p - Type: 1 - Value: Hello World!!!

although these are really the combined values of

DOMText "Hello"
DOMElement em with DOMText "World"
DOMText "!!!"

Printing content of a XML file using XML DOM

To finally answer your question, look at the first test code. Everything you need is in there. And of course by now you have been given fine other answers too.

Wednesday, March 31, 2021
 
WooDzu
answered 7 Months ago
11

probably an answer here: (if protocol is the issue)

How to get file_get_contents() to work with HTTPS?

Saturday, May 29, 2021
 
godot
answered 5 Months ago
49

The answer is that it doesn't actually need any escaping according to the spec (skipping the mentions of CDATA):

The ampersand character (&) and the left angle bracket (<) must not appear in their literal form (...) If they are needed elsewhere, they must be escaped using either numeric character references or the strings " &amp; " and " &lt; " respectively. The right angle bracket (>) may be represented using the string " &gt; " (...)

To allow attribute values to contain both single and double quotes, the apostrophe or single-quote character (') may be represented as " &apos; ", and the double-quote character (") as " &quot; ".

You can verify this easily by using createTextNode() to perform the correct escaping:

$dom = new DOMDocument;
$e = $dom->createElement('description');
$content = 'single quote: ', double quote: ", opening tag: <, ampersand: &, closing tag: >';
$t = $dom->createTextNode($content);
$e->appendChild($t);
$dom->appendChild($e);

echo $dom->saveXML();

Output:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<description>single quote: ', double quote: ", opening tag: &lt;, ampersand: &amp;, closing tag: &gt;</description>
Saturday, May 29, 2021
 
nika
answered 5 Months ago
57

Suppose that this is what your iframe looks like:

<iframe id='print-iframe' name='print-frame-name'></iframe>

This is how you do it using jQuery:

$("#print-iframe").get(0).contentWindow.print();

and this is how you do it using native JavaScript:

document.getElementById("print-iframe").contentWindow.print();
Tuesday, July 20, 2021
 
supermitch
answered 3 Months ago
21

You need to import any node to append it to another document:

$departmentArray->item($i)->appendChild( $doc->importNode( $employee, true ) );
Friday, August 6, 2021
 
previous_developer
answered 3 Months ago
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