Asked  7 Months ago    Answers:  5   Viewed   29 times

What is the best field type and length for storing IP addresses in a MySQL database?

What about for IPv6?

 Answers

79

Store the ip as a INT(11) UNSIGNED, then use the INET_ATON and INET_NTOA functions to store/retrieve the ip address.

Sample code:

INSERT table(ip) VALUES (INET_ATON('192.168.0.1')); /*ip = 3232235521*/
SELECT INET_NTOA(ip) As IPAddress FROM table; /*IPAddress = 192.168.0.1*/
Wednesday, March 31, 2021
 
scessor
answered 7 Months ago
72

Yes, your solution with a many-to-many relationship between tables sounds good for your case. You can then easily JOIN the tables to get information out of the IDs.

Wednesday, March 31, 2021
 
Valdas
answered 7 Months ago
71

you can't print the result from mysqli_query, it is mysqli_resource and for dumping the error you need to change mysql_error() to mysqli_error()

$username = "bob";
$db = mysqli_connect("localhost", "username", "password", "user_data");
$sql1 = "select id from user_information where username='$username'";
$result = mysqli_query($db, $sql1) or die(mysqli_error());
while ($row = mysqli_fetch_array($result, MYSQLI_ASSOC)) { 
    echo $row['id'].'<br>'; 
} 
Saturday, May 29, 2021
 
pamelus
answered 5 Months ago
15

You are correct that storing the password in a plain-text field is a horrible idea. However, as far as location goes, for most of the cases you're going to encounter (and I honestly can't think of any counter-examples) storing the representation of a password in the database is the proper thing to do. By representation I mean that you want to hash the password using a salt (which should be different for every user) and a secure 1-way algorithm and store that, throwing away the original password. Then, when you want to verify a password, you hash the value (using the same hashing algorithm and salt) and compare it to the hashed value in the database.

So, while it is a good thing you are thinking about this and it is a good question, this is actually a duplicate of these questions (at least):

  • How to best store user information and user login and password
  • Best practices for storing database passwords
  • Salting Your Password: Best Practices?
  • Is it ever ok to store password in plain text in a php variable or php constant?

To clarify a bit further on the salting bit, the danger with simply hashing a password and storing that is that if a trespasser gets a hold of your database, they can still use what are known as rainbow tables to be able to "decrypt" the password (at least those that show up in the rainbow table). To get around this, developers add a salt to passwords which, when properly done, makes rainbow attacks simply infeasible to do. Do note that a common misconception is to simply add the same unique and long string to all passwords; while this is not horrible, it is best to add unique salts to every password. Read this for more.

Tuesday, June 1, 2021
 
apokryfos
answered 5 Months ago
39

yo need create the user "pma" in mysql or change this lines(user and password for mysql):

/* User for advanced features */
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser'] = 'pma'; 
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlpass'] = '';

Linux: /etc/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php

Tuesday, July 13, 2021
 
ShadowZzz
answered 3 Months ago
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