"function to create regex matching a number range" Answer’s

0

Here's a quick hack:

<?php

function regex_range($from, $to) {

  if($from < 0 || $to < 0) {
    throw new Exception("Negative values not supported"); 
  }

  if($from > $to) {
    throw new Exception("Invalid range $from..$to, from > to"); 
  }

  $ranges = array($from);
  $increment = 1;
  $next = $from;
  $higher = true;

  while(true) {

    $next += $increment;

    if($next + $increment > $to) {
      if($next <= $to) {
        $ranges[] = $next;
      }
      $increment /= 10;
      $higher = false;
    }
    else if($next % ($increment*10) === 0) {
      $ranges[] = $next;
      $increment = $higher ? $increment*10 : $increment/10;
    }

    if(!$higher && $increment < 10) {
      break;
    }
  }

  $ranges[] = $to + 1;

  $regex = '/^(?:';

  for($i = 0; $i < sizeof($ranges) - 1; $i++) {
    $str_from = (string)($ranges[$i]);
    $str_to = (string)($ranges[$i + 1] - 1);

    for($j = 0; $j < strlen($str_from); $j++) {
      if($str_from[$j] == $str_to[$j]) {
        $regex .= $str_from[$j];
      }
      else {
        $regex .= "[" . $str_from[$j] . "-" . $str_to[$j] . "]";
      }
    }
    $regex .= "|";
  }

  return substr($regex, 0, strlen($regex)-1) . ')$/';
}

function test($from, $to) {
  try {
    printf("%-10s %sn", $from . '-' . $to, regex_range($from, $to));
  } catch (Exception $e) {
    echo $e->getMessage() . "n";
  }
}

test(2, 8);
test(5, 35);
test(5, 100);
test(12, 1234);
test(123, 123);
test(256, 321);
test(256, 257);
test(180, 195);
test(2,1);
test(-2,4);

?>

which produces:

2-8        /^(?:[2-7]|8)$/
5-35       /^(?:[5-9]|[1-2][0-9]|3[0-5])$/
5-100      /^(?:[5-9]|[1-9][0-9]|100)$/
12-1234    /^(?:1[2-9]|[2-9][0-9]|[1-9][0-9][0-9]|1[0-2][0-3][0-4])$/
123-123    /^(?:123)$/
256-321    /^(?:25[6-9]|2[6-9][0-9]|3[0-2][0-1])$/
256-257    /^(?:256|257)$/
180-195    /^(?:18[0-9]|19[0-5])$/
Invalid range 2..1, from > to
Negative values not supported

Not properly tested, use at your own risk!

And yes, the generated regex could be written more compact in many cases, but I leave that as an exercise for the reader :)

Wednesday, March 31, 2021
 
jab
answered 11 Months ago
jab
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