Asked  7 Months ago    Answers:  5   Viewed   25 times
($DAO->get_num_rows() == 1) ? echo("is") : echo("are");

This dose not seem to be working for me as intended, I get an error "Unexpected T_ECHO". I am expecting it to echo either 'is' or 'are'.

I have tried it without the brackets around the conditional. Am I just not able to use a ternary operator in this way?

The $DAO->get_num_rows() returns an integer value.



The Ternary operator is not identical to an if-then. You should have written it

echo ($DAO->get_num_rows() == 1) ? "is" : "are";

It returns the value in the 2nd or 3rd position. It does NOT execute the statement in the 2nd or 3rd position.

Wednesday, March 31, 2021
answered 7 Months ago

When your first argument is null, they're basically the same except that the null coalescing won't output an E_NOTICE when you have an undefined variable. The PHP 7.0 migration docs has this to say:

The null coalescing operator (??) has been added as syntactic sugar for the common case of needing to use a ternary in conjunction with isset(). It returns its first operand if it exists and is not NULL; otherwise it returns its second operand.

Here's some example code to demonstrate this:


$a = null;

print $a ?? 'b'; // b
print "n";

print $a ?: 'b'; // b
print "n";

print $c ?? 'a'; // a
print "n";

print $c ?: 'a'; // Notice: Undefined variable: c in /in/apAIb on line 14
print "n";

$b = array('a' => null);

print $b['a'] ?? 'd'; // d
print "n";

print $b['a'] ?: 'd'; // d
print "n";

print $b['c'] ?? 'e'; // e
print "n";

print $b['c'] ?: 'e'; // Notice: Undefined index: c in /in/apAIb on line 33
print "n";

The lines that have the notice are the ones where I'm using the shorthand ternary operator as opposed to the null coalescing operator. However, even with the notice, PHP will give the same response back.

Execute the code:

Of course, this is always assuming the first argument is null. Once it's no longer null, then you end up with differences in that the ?? operator would always return the first argument while the ?: shorthand would only if the first argument was truthy, and that relies on how PHP would type-cast things to a boolean.


$a = false ?? 'f'; // false
$b = false ?: 'g'; // 'g'

would then have $a be equal to false and $b equal to 'g'.

Wednesday, March 31, 2021
answered 7 Months ago

You need to add some parenthesis.

$b = 'a';
$c = 'd';
echo ($b == 'a') ? 2 : ($c == 'a' ? 1 : 0);
Saturday, May 29, 2021
answered 5 Months ago

I ran 100 million Ternary Operators and 100 million If-Else statements and recorded the performance of each. Here is the code:

Stopwatch s = new Stopwatch();
// System.Diagnostics Stopwatch
int test = 0;
for(int a = 0; a < 100000000; a++)
    test = a % 50 == 0 ? 1 : 2;

for(int b = 0; b < 100000000; b++)
    if(b % 50 == 0)
        test = 1;
        test = 2; 

Here is the results (ran on an Intel Atom 1.66ghz with 1gb ram and I know, it sucks):

  • Ternary Operator: 5986 milliseconds or 0.00000005986 seconds per each operator.

  • If-Else: 5667 milliseconds or 0.00000005667 seconds per each statement.

Don't forget that I ran 100 million of them, and I don't think 0.00000000319 seconds difference between the two matters that much.

Wednesday, June 23, 2021
answered 4 Months ago

"Date::" + row is never null, although row sometimes is.

That is, "Date::"+ row != null is equivalent to ("Date::"+ row) != null which is always true.

Monday, August 23, 2021
answered 2 Months ago
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