Asked  7 Months ago    Answers:  5   Viewed   30 times

When interpolating PHP's string-indexed array elements (5.3.3, Win32) the following behavior may be expected or not:

$ha = array('key1' => 'Hello to me');

print $ha['key1'];   # correct (usual way)
print $ha[key1];     # Warning, works (use of undefined constant)

print "He said {$ha['key1']}"; # correct (usual way)
print "He said {$ha[key1]}";   # Warning, works (use of undefined constant)

print "He said $ha['key1']";   # Error, unexpected T_ENCAPSED_AND_WHITESPACE
print "He said $ha[ key1 ]";   # Error, unexpected T_ENCAPSED_AND_WHITESPACE
print "He said $ha[key1]";     # !! correct (How Comes?)

Inerestingly, the last line seems to be correct PHP code. Any explanations? Can this feature be trusted?


Edit: The point of the posting now set in bold face in order to reduce misunderstandings.

 Answers

34

Yes, you may trust it. All ways of interpolation a variable are covered in the documentation pretty well.

If you want to have a reason why this was done so, well, I can't help you there. But as always: PHP is old and has evolved a lot, thus introducing inconsistent syntax.

Wednesday, March 31, 2021
 
Kemrop
answered 7 Months ago
14

Take a look at daniele centamore's comment on PHP's array_splice() function, where he provides a couple of functions for moving the elements in an non-associative array.

<?php

// $input  (Array) - the array containing the element
// $index (int) - the index of the element you need to move

function moveUp($input,$index) {
      $new_array = $input;

       if((count($new_array)>$index) && ($index>0)){
                 array_splice($new_array, $index-1, 0, $input[$index]);
                 array_splice($new_array, $index+1, 1);
             } 

       return $new_array;
}

function moveDown($input,$index) {
       $new_array = $input;

       if(count($new_array)>$index) {
                 array_splice($new_array, $index+2, 0, $input[$index]);
                 array_splice($new_array, $index, 1);
             } 

       return $new_array;
}  

$input = array("red", "green", "blue", "yellow");

$newinput = moveUp($input, 2);
// $newinput is array("red", "blue", "green", "yellow")

$input = moveDown($newinput, 1);
// $input is array("red", "green", "blue", "yellow")

?>
Wednesday, March 31, 2021
 
Sabya
answered 7 Months ago
84

Just grabbing and unsetting the value is a much better approach (and likely faster too), but anyway, you can just count along

$result = array();
$idx = 0; // init offset
foreach ($input as $key => $value)
{
    if ($key == 'more')
    {
        // Remove the index "more" from $input and add it to $result.
        $result[] = key(array_splice($input, $idx, 1));
    }
    $idx++; // count offset
}
print_R($result);
print_R($input);

gives

Array
(
    [0] => more
)
Array
(
    [who] => me
    [what] => car
    [when] => today
)

BUT Technically speaking an associative key has no numerical index. If the input array was

$input = array
(
    'who' => 'me',
    'what' => 'car',
    'more' => 'car',
    'when' => 'today',
    'foo', 'bar', 'baz'
);

then index 2 is "baz". But since array_slice accepts an offset, which is not the same as a numeric key, it uses the element found at that position in the array (in order the elements appear), which is why counting along works.

On a sidenote, with numeric keys in the array, you'd get funny results, because you are testing for equality instead of identity. Make it $key === 'more' instead to prevent 'more' getting typecasted. Since associative keys are unique you could also return after 'more' was found, because checking subsequent keys is pointless. But really:

if(array_key_exists('more', $input)) unset($input['more']);
Saturday, May 29, 2021
 
nasty
answered 5 Months ago
97

It doesn't appear that you can do what you want to do. from http://us.php.net/manual/en/language.types.array.php:

A key may be either an integer or a string. If a key is the standard representation of an integer, it will be interpreted as such (i.e. "8" will be interpreted as 8, while "08" will be interpreted as "08").

You'll probably have to use Fosco's suggestion of prefixing all your keys with something. If you use the same prefix on every key, then it doesn't matter if you're parsing a text that might have words and numbers - put the same prefix on everything regardless.

Saturday, May 29, 2021
 
jsuggs
answered 5 Months ago
96

Because the arrays are multidimensional you have to extract the ids like this:

$ids1 = array();
foreach($array1 as $elem1)
    $ids1[] = $elem1['id'];

$ids2 = array();
foreach($array2 as $elem2)
    $ids2[] = $elem2['id'];

$one_not_two = array_diff($ids1,$ids2);

For your specific question, check out array_diff() with multidimensional arrays

Saturday, May 29, 2021
 
etsous
answered 5 Months ago
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