Asked  7 Months ago    Answers:  5   Viewed   36 times

I'm trying to write a wrapper around an api my company is developing. It's restful, and using Postman I can send a post request to an endpoint like http://subdomain.dev.myapi.com/api/v1/auth/ with a username and password as POST data and I am given back a token. All works as expected. Now, when I try and do the same from PHP I get back a GuzzleHttpPsr7Response object, but can't seem to find the token anywhere inside it as I did with the Postman request.

The relevant code looks like:

$client = new Client(['base_uri' => 'http://companysub.dev.myapi.com/']);
$response = $client->post('api/v1/auth/', [
    'form_params' => [
        'username' => $user,
        'password' => $password
    ]
]);

var_dump($response); //or $resonse->getBody(), etc...

The output of the code above looks something like (warning, incoming wall of text):

object(guzzlehttppsr7response)#36 (6) {
  ["reasonphrase":"guzzlehttppsr7response":private]=>
  string(2) "ok"
  ["statuscode":"guzzlehttppsr7response":private]=>
  int(200)
  ["headers":"guzzlehttppsr7response":private]=>
  array(9) {
    ["connection"]=>
    array(1) {
      [0]=>
      string(10) "keep-alive"
    }
    ["server"]=>
    array(1) {
      [0]=>
      string(15) "gunicorn/19.3.0"
    }
    ["date"]=>
    array(1) {
      [0]=>
      string(29) "sat, 30 may 2015 17:22:41 gmt"
    }
    ["transfer-encoding"]=>
    array(1) {
      [0]=>
      string(7) "chunked"
    }
    ["content-type"]=>
    array(1) {
      [0]=>
      string(16) "application/json"
    }
    ["allow"]=>
    array(1) {
      [0]=>
      string(13) "post, options"
    }
    ["x-frame-options"]=>
    array(1) {
      [0]=>
      string(10) "sameorigin"
    }
    ["vary"]=>
    array(1) {
      [0]=>
      string(12) "cookie, host"
    }
    ["via"]=>
    array(1) {
      [0]=>
      string(9) "1.1 vegur"
    }
  }
  ["headerlines":"guzzlehttppsr7response":private]=>
  array(9) {
    ["connection"]=>
    array(1) {
      [0]=>
      string(10) "keep-alive"
    }
    ["server"]=>
    array(1) {
      [0]=>
      string(15) "gunicorn/19.3.0"
    }
    ["date"]=>
    array(1) {
      [0]=>
      string(29) "sat, 30 may 2015 17:22:41 gmt"
    }
    ["transfer-encoding"]=>
    array(1) {
      [0]=>
      string(7) "chunked"
    }
    ["content-type"]=>
    array(1) {
      [0]=>
      string(16) "application/json"
    }
    ["allow"]=>
    array(1) {
      [0]=>
      string(13) "post, options"
    }
    ["x-frame-options"]=>
    array(1) {
      [0]=>
      string(10) "sameorigin"
    }
    ["vary"]=>
    array(1) {
      [0]=>
      string(12) "cookie, host"
    }
    ["via"]=>
    array(1) {
      [0]=>
      string(9) "1.1 vegur"
    }
  }
  ["protocol":"guzzlehttppsr7response":private]=>
  string(3) "1.1"
  ["stream":"guzzlehttppsr7response":private]=>
  object(guzzlehttppsr7stream)#27 (7) {
    ["stream":"guzzlehttppsr7stream":private]=>
    resource(40) of type (stream)
    ["size":"guzzlehttppsr7stream":private]=>
    null
    ["seekable":"guzzlehttppsr7stream":private]=>
    bool(true)
    ["readable":"guzzlehttppsr7stream":private]=>
    bool(true)
    ["writable":"guzzlehttppsr7stream":private]=>
    bool(true)
    ["uri":"guzzlehttppsr7stream":private]=>
    string(10) "php://temp"
    ["custommetadata":"guzzlehttppsr7stream":private]=>
    array(0) {
    }
  }
}

The output from Postman was something like:

{
    "data" : {
        "token" "fasdfasf-asfasdfasdf-sfasfasf"
    }
}

Clearly I'm missing something about working with the response objects in Guzzle. The Guzzle response indicates a 200 status code on the request, so I'm not sure exactly what I need to do to retrieve the returned data.

 Answers

21

Guzzle implements PSR-7. That means that it will by default store the body of a message in a Stream that uses PHP temp streams. To retrieve all the data, you can use casting operator:

$contents = (string) $response->getBody();

You can also do it with

$contents = $response->getBody()->getContents();

The difference between the two approaches is that getContents returns the remaining contents, so that a second call returns nothing unless you seek the position of the stream with rewind or seek .

$stream = $response->getBody();
$contents = $stream->getContents(); // returns all the contents
$contents = $stream->getContents(); // empty string
$stream->rewind(); // Seek to the beginning
$contents = $stream->getContents(); // returns all the contents

Instead, usings PHP's string casting operations, it will reads all the data from the stream from the beginning until the end is reached.

$contents = (string) $response->getBody(); // returns all the contents
$contents = (string) $response->getBody(); // returns all the contents

Documentation: http://docs.guzzlephp.org/en/latest/psr7.html#responses

Wednesday, March 31, 2021
 
AlterPHP
answered 7 Months ago
39

If you want to use JSON in the request, just create it with json_encode():

$request = new Request(
    'PUT',
    'https://api.hitbox.tv/media/live/myName?authToken=myToken',
    ["content-type" => 'application/json'],
    json_encode($params)
);
Wednesday, March 31, 2021
 
jab
answered 7 Months ago
jab
53

According to Invoke-RestMethod documentation, cmdlet can return different types depending on the content it receives. Assing cmdlet output to a variable ($resp = Invoke-RestMethod (...)) and then check if the type is HtmlWebResponseObject ($resp.gettype()). Then you'll have many properties at your disposal, like BaseResponse, Content and StatusCode.

If $resp is some other type (string, psobject and most probably null in this case), it seems that error message The remote server returned an error: (400) Bad Request is the response body, only stripped from html (I tested this on some of my methods), maybe even truncated . If you want to extract it, run the cmdlet using common parameter to store the error message: Invoke-RestMethod (...) -ErrorVariable RespErr and you'll have it in $RespErr variable.

EDIT:

Ok, I got it and it was pretty obvious :). Invoke-RestMethod throws an error, so lets just catch it:

try{$restp=Invoke-RestMethod (...)} catch {$err=$_.Exception}
$err | Get-Member -MemberType Property

  TypeName: System.Net.WebException

    Name           MemberType Definition
    ----           ---------- ----------
    Message        Property   string Message {get;}
    Response       Property   System.Net.WebResponse Response {get;}
    Status         Property   System.Net.WebExceptionStatus Status {get;}

Here's all you need, especially in WebResponse object. I listed 3 properties that catch the eye, there's more. Also if you store $_ instead of $_.Exception there could be some properties PowerShell already extracted for you, but I don't expect nothing more meaningful than in .Exception.Response.

Thursday, June 24, 2021
 
msg
answered 4 Months ago
msg
61

Though, its not mentioned within the documentation, you can use the "progress" request option.

References to it can be found here.

$options = [
    'progress' => function ($dl_total_size, $dl_size_so_far, $ul_total_size, $ul_size_so_far) {
        // do something.
    }
];
Sunday, July 4, 2021
 
ClmentM
answered 4 Months ago
39

Thanks Arthur Thompson for your help, you gave me the idea. I post the answer in case someone else need it. I wrote

let d : [String : Any] = remoteMessage.appData["notification"] as! [String : Any]
let body : String = d["body"] as! String
print(body)
Friday, August 13, 2021
 
MoarCodePlz
answered 2 Months ago
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