Asked  7 Months ago    Answers:  5   Viewed   32 times

Suppose I have this HTML element:

<div id="parent">
 Hello everyone! <a>This is my home page</a>
 <p>Bye!</p>
</div>

And the user selects "home" with his mouse.

I want to be able to determine how many characters into #parent his selection starts (and how many characters from the end of #parent his selection ends). This should work even if he selects an HTML tag. (And I need it to work in all browsers)

range.startOffset looks promising, but it is an offset relative only to the range's immediate container, and is a character offset only if the container is a text node.

 Answers

42

UPDATE

As pointed out in the comments, my original answer (below) only returns the end of the selection or the caret position. It's fairly easy to adapt the code to return a start and an end offset; here's an example that does so:

function getSelectionCharacterOffsetWithin(element) {
    var start = 0;
    var end = 0;
    var doc = element.ownerDocument || element.document;
    var win = doc.defaultView || doc.parentWindow;
    var sel;
    if (typeof win.getSelection != "undefined") {
        sel = win.getSelection();
        if (sel.rangeCount > 0) {
            var range = win.getSelection().getRangeAt(0);
            var preCaretRange = range.cloneRange();
            preCaretRange.selectNodeContents(element);
            preCaretRange.setEnd(range.startContainer, range.startOffset);
            start = preCaretRange.toString().length;
            preCaretRange.setEnd(range.endContainer, range.endOffset);
            end = preCaretRange.toString().length;
        }
    } else if ( (sel = doc.selection) && sel.type != "Control") {
        var textRange = sel.createRange();
        var preCaretTextRange = doc.body.createTextRange();
        preCaretTextRange.moveToElementText(element);
        preCaretTextRange.setEndPoint("EndToStart", textRange);
        start = preCaretTextRange.text.length;
        preCaretTextRange.setEndPoint("EndToEnd", textRange);
        end = preCaretTextRange.text.length;
    }
    return { start: start, end: end };
}

function reportSelection() {
  var selOffsets = getSelectionCharacterOffsetWithin( document.getElementById("editor") );
  document.getElementById("selectionLog").innerHTML = "Selection offsets: " + selOffsets.start + ", " + selOffsets.end;
}

window.onload = function() {
  document.addEventListener("selectionchange", reportSelection, false);
  document.addEventListener("mouseup", reportSelection, false);
  document.addEventListener("mousedown", reportSelection, false);
  document.addEventListener("keyup", reportSelection, false);
};
#editor {
  padding: 5px;
  border: solid green 1px;
}
Select something in the content below:

<div id="editor" contenteditable="true">A <i>wombat</i> is a marsupial native to <b>Australia</b></div>
<div id="selectionLog"></div>

Here's a function that will get the character offset of the caret within the specified element; however, this is a naive implementation that will almost certainly have inconsistencies with line breaks, and makes no attempt to deal with text hidden via CSS (I suspect IE will correctly ignore such text while other browsers will not). To handle all this stuff properly would be tricky. I've now attempted it for my Rangy library.

Live example: http://jsfiddle.net/TjXEG/900/

function getCaretCharacterOffsetWithin(element) {
    var caretOffset = 0;
    var doc = element.ownerDocument || element.document;
    var win = doc.defaultView || doc.parentWindow;
    var sel;
    if (typeof win.getSelection != "undefined") {
        sel = win.getSelection();
        if (sel.rangeCount > 0) {
            var range = win.getSelection().getRangeAt(0);
            var preCaretRange = range.cloneRange();
            preCaretRange.selectNodeContents(element);
            preCaretRange.setEnd(range.endContainer, range.endOffset);
            caretOffset = preCaretRange.toString().length;
        }
    } else if ( (sel = doc.selection) && sel.type != "Control") {
        var textRange = sel.createRange();
        var preCaretTextRange = doc.body.createTextRange();
        preCaretTextRange.moveToElementText(element);
        preCaretTextRange.setEndPoint("EndToEnd", textRange);
        caretOffset = preCaretTextRange.text.length;
    }
    return caretOffset;
}
Tuesday, June 1, 2021
 
Crashthatch
answered 7 Months ago
69

Warning: jQuery, not standard JavaScript

element.offsetLeft and element.offsetTop are the pure javascript properties for finding an element's position with respect to its offsetParent; being the nearest parent element with a position of relative or absolute

Alternatively, you can always use Zepto to get the position of an element AND its parent, and simply subtract the two:

var childPos = obj.offset();
var parentPos = obj.parent().offset();
var childOffset = {
    top: childPos.top - parentPos.top,
    left: childPos.left - parentPos.left
}

This has the benefit of giving you the offset of a child relative to its parent even if the parent isn't positioned.

Wednesday, June 9, 2021
 
pocketfullofcheese
answered 6 Months ago
43

The following function will work in all major browsers, for both textareas and text inputs:

function moveCaretToEnd(el) {
    if (typeof el.selectionStart == "number") {
        el.selectionStart = el.selectionEnd = el.value.length;
    } else if (typeof el.createTextRange != "undefined") {
        el.focus();
        var range = el.createTextRange();
        range.collapse(false);
        range.select();
    }
}

However, you really shouldn't do this whenever the user clicks on the textarea, since the user will not be able to move the caret with the mouse. Instead, do it when the textarea receives focus. There is also a problem in Chrome, which can be worked around as follows:

Full example: http://www.jsfiddle.net/ghAB9/3/

HTML:

<textarea id="test">Something</textarea>

Script:

var textarea = document.getElementById("test");
textarea.onfocus = function() {
    moveCaretToEnd(textarea);

    // Work around Chrome's little problem
    window.setTimeout(function() {
        moveCaretToEnd(textarea);
    }, 1);
};
Thursday, June 10, 2021
 
rypskar
answered 6 Months ago
20
-- Table var to store the gaps
declare @T table
(
  DeviceID varchar(10),
  PrevPeriodEnd datetime,
  NextPeriodStart datetime
)

-- Get the gaps
;with cte as 
(
  select *,
    row_number() over(partition by DeviceID order by Timestamp) as rn
  from data
)
insert into @T
select
  C1.DeviceID,
  C1.Timestamp as PrevPeriodEnd,
  C2.Timestamp as NextPeriodStart
from cte as C1
  inner join cte as C2
    on C1.rn = C2.rn-1 and
       C1.DeviceID = C2.DeviceID and
       datediff(s, C1.Timestamp, C2.Timestamp) > 5

-- Build islands from gaps in @T
;with cte1 as
(
  -- Add first and last timestamp to gaps
  select DeviceID, PrevPeriodEnd, NextPeriodStart
  from @T
  union all
  select DeviceID, max(TimeStamp) as PrevPeriodEnd, null as NextPeriodStart
  from data
  group by DeviceID
  union all
  select DeviceID, null as PrevPeriodEnd, min(TimeStamp) as PrevPeriodEnd
  from data
  group by DeviceID
),
cte2 as
(
  select *,
    row_number() over(partition by DeviceID order by PrevPeriodEnd) as rn
  from cte1
)
select
  C1.DeviceID,
  C1.NextPeriodStart as PeriodStart,
  C2.PrevPeriodEnd as PeriodEnd
from cte2 as C1
  inner join cte2 as C2
    on C1.DeviceID = C2.DeviceID and
       C1.rn = C2.rn-1
order by C1.DeviceID, C1.NextPeriodStart       
Wednesday, August 4, 2021
 
Aniket Thakur
answered 4 Months ago
69

I was able to fix this issue by making browser sleep for few seconds after every change in URL.

Below is the code snippet:

67 it('should create new job listing', function () {
68        //Login As Admin To Access Vacancies Feature
69        loginAsManager();
.
.        //load manager's dashboard list page
.        dashboardPage = new DashboardPage();
.        dashboardPage.vacanciesTab.click();
.
.        //load vacancies list page
.        var vacanciesUrl = browser.baseUrl + '#/vacancies';
.        browser.sleep(2000);
.        expect(browser.getCurrentUrl()).toEqual(vacanciesUrl);
.        vacanciesPage = new VacanciesPage();
.        vacanciesPage.addVacancyButton.click();
.
.

I don't think this is a neat solution to this problem.

I will be happy to hear, if someone has a better solution to this.

Cheers Gaurav

Friday, October 15, 2021
 
Morrison Chang
answered 2 Months ago
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