Asked  6 Months ago    Answers:  5   Viewed   37 times

I came across some Java code that had the following structure:

public MyParameterizedFunction(String param1, int param2)
{
    this(param1, param2, false);
}

public MyParameterizedFunction(String param1, int param2, boolean param3)
{
    //use all three parameters here
}

I know that in C++ I can assign a parameter a default value. For example:

void MyParameterizedFunction(String param1, int param2, bool param3=false);

Does Java support this kind of syntax? Are there any reasons why this two step syntax is preferable?

 Answers

28

No, the structure you found is how Java handles it (that is, with overloading instead of default parameters).

For constructors, See Effective Java: Programming Language Guide's Item 1 tip (Consider static factory methods instead of constructors) if the overloading is getting complicated. For other methods, renaming some cases or using a parameter object can help. This is when you have enough complexity that differentiating is difficult. A definite case is where you have to differentiate using the order of parameters, not just number and type.

Tuesday, June 1, 2021
 
Skipper
answered 6 Months ago
15

JavaScript represents numbers using IEEE-754 double-precision (64 bit) format. As I understand it this gives you 53 bits precision, or fifteen to sixteen decimal digits. Your number has more digits than JavaScript can cope with, so you end up with an approximation.

This isn't really "mishandling" as such, but obviously it isn't very helpful if you need full precision on large numbers. There are a few JS libraries around that can handle larger numbers, e.g., BigNumber and Int64.

Monday, June 7, 2021
 
cyber_truite
answered 6 Months ago
44

Element Default Value

To get the default value on the element property you need to annotate it as follows:

@XmlElement(defaultValue="defaultElVal")
public String getChildVal() {
    return childVal;
}

Attribute Default Value

If you use EclipseLink JAXB (MOXy) you will get the default attribute value using the code you supplied. There may be a bug in the Metro implementation of JAXB that is preventing this from working. Note I lead the MOXy implementation.


Alternate Approach

The following code should work with any JAXB implementation without requiring any code changes to your model. You could do the following and leverage SAXSource:

import java.io.File;  
import java.io.FileInputStream;

import javax.xml.XMLConstants;  
import javax.xml.bind.JAXBContext;  
import javax.xml.bind.Unmarshaller;  
import javax.xml.parsers.SAXParserFactory;
import javax.xml.transform.sax.SAXSource;
import javax.xml.validation.Schema;  
import javax.xml.validation.SchemaFactory;  

import org.xml.sax.InputSource;
import org.xml.sax.XMLReader;
public class TestParser {    
    public static void main(String[] pArgs) {  
        try {  
            JAXBContext context = JAXBContext.newInstance(RootElement.class);  
            Unmarshaller unmarshaller = context.createUnmarshaller();  

            SchemaFactory schemaFac = SchemaFactory.newInstance(XMLConstants.W3C_XML_SCHEMA_NS_URI);
            Schema sysConfigSchema = schemaFac.newSchema(
                    new File("example.xsd"));

            SAXParserFactory spf = SAXParserFactory.newInstance();
            spf.setNamespaceAware(true);
            spf.setSchema(sysConfigSchema);
            XMLReader xmlReader = spf.newSAXParser().getXMLReader();
            SAXSource source = new SAXSource(xmlReader, new InputSource(new FileInputStream("example1.xml")));
            RootElement root = (RootElement)unmarshaller.unmarshal(
                    source);
            System.out.println("Child Val: " + root.getChild().getChildVal());
            System.out.println("Child Attr: " + root.getChild().getAttr());
        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.println(e.getMessage());
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}
Thursday, August 5, 2021
 
Jerry Zhou
answered 4 Months ago
76

Your getX() methods can be seen as a Function that accepts a DataStore instance and returns a float.

In Java 8 you can represent them with method references :

    float[] aArray = getValuesAsArray(dataMap, DataStore::getA);
    float[] bArray = getValuesAsArray(dataMap, DataStore::getB);
    float[] cArray = getValuesAsArray(dataMap, DataStore::getC);

Then your getValuesAsArray will accept a Function<DataStore,Float> parameter and execute the function :

private static float[] getValuesAsArray(Map<Integer, DataStore> dataMap, Function<DataStore,Float> func) {
    int i = 0;
    int nMap = dataMap.size();
    float[] fArray = new float[nMap];
    for (Map.Entry<Integer, DataStore> entry : dataMap.entrySet()) {
        DataStore ds = entry.getValue();
        fArray[i] = func.apply(ds);
        i++;
    }
    return fArray;
}

Without using Java 8, you can define your own interface that contains a method that accepts a DataStore instance and returns a float. Then, instead of using Java 8 method references, you would have to pass to your getValuesAsArray method an implementation of that interface (you could use an anonymous class instance implementing the interface) which calls one of the getX() methods.

For example :

public interface ValueGetter
{
    public float get (DataStore source);
}

float[] aArray = getValuesAsArray(dataMap, new ValueGetter() {public float get (DataStore source) {return source.getA();}});
float[] bArray = getValuesAsArray(dataMap, new ValueGetter() {public float get (DataStore source) {return source.getB();}});
float[] cArray = getValuesAsArray(dataMap, new ValueGetter() {public float get (DataStore source) {return source.getC();}});

And

private static float[] getValuesAsArray(Map<Integer, DataStore> dataMap, ValueGetter func) {
    int i = 0;
    int nMap = dataMap.size();
    float[] fArray = new float[nMap];
    for (Map.Entry<Integer, DataStore> entry : dataMap.entrySet()) {
        DataStore ds = entry.getValue();
        fArray[i] = func.get(ds);
        i++;
    }
    return fArray;
}
Saturday, September 11, 2021
 
MonsterMMORPG
answered 3 Months ago
62

It is not possible in Java,but you want you can use the Builder Pattern, which is said this Stack Overflow answer.

As described in the answer reference, the Builder Pattern lets you write code like

Student s1 = new StudentBuilder().name("Eli").buildStudent();
Student s2 = new StudentBuilder()
                 .name("Spicoli")
                 .age(16)
                 .motto("Aloha, Mr Hand")
                 .buildStudent();

in which some fields can have default values or otherwise be optional.

Tuesday, September 21, 2021
 
JoJo
answered 2 Months ago
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