Asked  8 Months ago    Answers:  5   Viewed   75 times

I'm integrating an API to my website which works with data stored in objects while my code is written using arrays.

I'd like a quick-and-dirty function to convert an object to an array.

 Answers

42

Just typecast it

$array = (array) $yourObject;

From Arrays:

If an object is converted to an array, the result is an array whose elements are the object's properties. The keys are the member variable names, with a few notable exceptions: integer properties are unaccessible; private variables have the class name prepended to the variable name; protected variables have a '*' prepended to the variable name. These prepended values have null bytes on either side.

Example: Simple Object

$object = new StdClass;
$object->foo = 1;
$object->bar = 2;

var_dump( (array) $object );

Output:

array(2) {
  'foo' => int(1)
  'bar' => int(2)
}

Example: Complex Object

class Foo
{
    private $foo;
    protected $bar;
    public $baz;

    public function __construct()
    {
        $this->foo = 1;
        $this->bar = 2;
        $this->baz = new StdClass;
    }
}

var_dump( (array) new Foo );

Output (with s edited in for clarity):

array(3) {
  'Foofoo' => int(1)
  '*bar' => int(2)
  'baz' => class stdClass#2 (0) {}
}

Output with var_export instead of var_dump:

array (
  '' . "" . 'Foo' . "" . 'foo' => 1,
  '' . "" . '*' . "" . 'bar' => 2,
  'baz' =>
  stdClass::__set_state(array(
  )),
)

Typecasting this way will not do deep casting of the object graph and you need to apply the null bytes (as explained in the manual quote) to access any non-public attributes. So this works best when casting StdClass objects or objects with only public properties. For quick and dirty (what you asked for) it's fine.

Also see this in-depth blog post:

  • Fast PHP Object to Array conversion
Wednesday, March 31, 2021
 
jedwards
answered 8 Months ago
39

When you set cell values individually, you have the option of setting the datatype explicitly, but when you use the fromArray() method, you don't have this option.

However, by default, PHP uses a default value binder to identify datatypes from the values passed, and set the cell datatype accordingly. This default behaviour is defined in a class /PHPExcel/Cell/DefaultValueBinder.php.

So you can create your own value binder, as described in the PHPExcel Documentation, that would set every value as a string datatype.

Something like:

class PHPExcel_Cell_MyColumnValueBinder extends PHPExcel_Cell_DefaultValueBinder implements PHPExcel_Cell_IValueBinder
{
    protected $stringColumns = [];

    public function __construct(array $stringColumnList = []) {
        // Accept a list of columns that will always be set as strings
        $this->stringColumns = $stringColumnList;
    }

    public function bindValue(PHPExcel_Cell $cell, $value = null)
    {
        // If the cell is one of our columns to set as a string...
        if (in_array($cell->getColumn(), $this->stringColumns)) {
            // ... then we cast it to a string and explicitly set it as a string
            $cell->setValueExplicit((string) $value, PHPExcel_Cell_DataType::TYPE_STRING);
            return true;
        }
        // Otherwise, use the default behaviour
        return parent::bindValue($cell, $value);
    }
}

// Instantiate our custom binder, with a list of columns, and tell PHPExcel to use it
PHPExcel_Cell::setValueBinder(new PHPExcel_Cell_MyColumnValueBinder(['A', 'B', 'C', 'E', 'F']));

$objPHPExcel = new PHPExcel();
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->fromArray($dataArray,null,"A2");
Friday, May 28, 2021
 
Wilk
answered 5 Months ago
30

I found this in the PHP manual comments:

/**
 * function xml2array
 *
 * This function is part of the PHP manual.
 *
 * The PHP manual text and comments are covered by the Creative Commons 
 * Attribution 3.0 License, copyright (c) the PHP Documentation Group
 *
 * @author  k dot antczak at livedata dot pl
 * @date    2011-04-22 06:08 UTC
 * @link    http://www.php.net/manual/en/ref.simplexml.php#103617
 * @license http://www.php.net/license/index.php#doc-lic
 * @license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
 * @license CC-BY-3.0 <http://spdx.org/licenses/CC-BY-3.0>
 */
function xml2array ( $xmlObject, $out = array () )
{
    foreach ( (array) $xmlObject as $index => $node )
        $out[$index] = ( is_object ( $node ) ) ? xml2array ( $node ) : $node;

    return $out;
}

It could help you. However, if you convert XML to an array you will loose all attributes that might be present, so you cannot go back to XML and get the same XML.

Wednesday, June 2, 2021
 
Ultimater
answered 5 Months ago
13

There's a lot been written about PHPExcel and memory use, and I'm not going to repeat it all here.

Try reading some of the threads on the PHPExcel discussion board discussing the issue, such as this one; or previous answers here on SO such as this one or this one

Tuesday, July 6, 2021
 
Slinky
answered 4 Months ago
34

array_flip() is exactly doing that:

array_flip() returns an array in flip order, i.e. keys from trans become values and values from trans become keys.

Note that the values of trans need to be valid keys, i.e. they need to be either integer or string. A warning will be emitted if a value has the wrong type, and the key/value pair in question will not be flipped.

If a value has several occurrences, the latest key will be used as its values, and all others will be lost.


But apart from that, there is only one type of array in PHP. Even numerical ("simple", as you call it) arrays are associative.

Wednesday, August 11, 2021
 
gMale
answered 3 Months ago
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