Asked  7 Months ago    Answers:  5   Viewed   32 times

I am making a visitor counting system for user posts to show the most viewed posts on homepage. I have a visitor counting system now but all it registers a view at every page refresh. I cannot use Google Analytics.

What I need is a visitor counter which only counts the unique visitors. In my case, unique means one person can only view a post in a day? Even a week might work, I think. Can you write that php code in here? You can give me a link to some good tutorials too if you like too.

This is what the code needs to do (or equivalent):

  1. Once the page loads, check if the visitor is new or old(I have no idea how to do it .. )
  2. If he is old, ignore him
  3. If he is new, in mysql, views = views + 1

 Answers

34

Here is a nice tutorial, it is what you need. (Source: coursesweb.net/php-mysql)

Register and show online users and visitors

Count Online users and visitors using a MySQL table

In this tutorial you can learn how to register, to count, and display in your webpage the number of online users and visitors. The principle is this: each user / visitor is registered in a text file or database. Every time a page of the website is accessed, the php script deletes all records older than a certain time (eg 2 minutes), adds the current user / visitor and takes the number of records left to display.

You can store the online users and visitors in a file on the server, or in a MySQL table. In this case, I think that using a text file to add and read the records is faster than storing them into a MySQL table, which requires more requests.

First it's presented the method with recording in a text file on the server, than the method with MySQL table.

To download the files with the scripts presented in this tutorial, click -> Count Online Users and Visitors.

• Both scripts can be included in ".php" files (with include()), or in ".html" files (with <script>), as you can see in the examples presented at the bottom of this page; but the server must run PHP.

Storing online users and visitors in a text file

To add records in a file on the server with PHP you must set CHMOD 0766 (or CHMOD 0777) permissions to that file, so the PHP can write data in it.

  1. Create a text file on your server (for example, named userson.txt) and give it CHMOD 0777 permissions (in your FTP application, right click on that file, choose Properties, then select Read, Write, and Execute options).
  2. Create a PHP file (named usersontxt.php) having the code below, then copy this php file in the same directory as userson.txt.

The code for usersontxt.php;

<?php
// Script Online Users and Visitors - http://coursesweb.net/php-mysql/
if(!isset($_SESSION)) session_start();        // start Session, if not already started

$filetxt = 'userson.txt';  // the file in which the online users /visitors are stored
$timeon = 120;             // number of secconds to keep a user online
$sep = '^^';               // characters used to separate the user name and date-time
$vst_id = '-vst-';        // an identifier to know that it is a visitor, not logged user

/*
 If you have an user registration script,
 replace $_SESSION['nume'] with the variable in which the user name is stored.
 You can get a free registration script from:  http://coursesweb.net/php-mysql/register-login-script-users-online_s2
*/

// get the user name if it is logged, or the visitors IP (and add the identifier)

    $uvon = isset($_SESSION['nume']) ? $_SESSION['nume'] : $_SERVER['SERVER_ADDR']. $vst_id;

$rgxvst = '/^([0-9.]*)'. $vst_id. '/i';         // regexp to recognize the line with visitors
$nrvst = 0;                                       // to store the number of visitors

// sets the row with the current user /visitor that must be added in $filetxt (and current timestamp)

    $addrow[] = $uvon. $sep. time();

// check if the file from $filetxt exists and is writable

    if(is_writable($filetxt)) {
      // get into an array the lines added in $filetxt
      $ar_rows = file($filetxt, FILE_IGNORE_NEW_LINES | FILE_SKIP_EMPTY_LINES);
      $nrrows = count($ar_rows);

            // number of rows

  // if there is at least one line, parse the $ar_rows array

      if($nrrows>0) {
        for($i=0; $i<$nrrows; $i++) {
          // get each line and separate the user /visitor and the timestamp
          $ar_line = explode($sep, $ar_rows[$i]);
      // add in $addrow array the records in last $timeon seconds
          if($ar_line[0]!=$uvon && (intval($ar_line[1])+$timeon)>=time()) {
            $addrow[] = $ar_rows[$i];
          }
        }
      }
    }

$nruvon = count($addrow);                   // total online
$usron = '';                                    // to store the name of logged users
// traverse $addrow to get the number of visitors and users
for($i=0; $i<$nruvon; $i++) {
 if(preg_match($rgxvst, $addrow[$i])) $nrvst++;       // increment the visitors
 else {
   // gets and stores the user's name
   $ar_usron = explode($sep, $addrow[$i]);
   $usron .= '<br/> - <i>'. $ar_usron[0]. '</i>';
 }
}
$nrusr = $nruvon - $nrvst;              // gets the users (total - visitors)

// the HTML code with data to be displayed
$reout = '<div id="uvon"><h4>Online: '. $nruvon. '</h4>Visitors: '. $nrvst. '<br/>Users: '. $nrusr. $usron. '</div>';

// write data in $filetxt
if(!file_put_contents($filetxt, implode("n", $addrow))) $reout = 'Error: Recording file not exists, or is not writable';

// if access from <script>, with GET 'uvon=showon', adds the string to return into a JS statement
// in this way the script can also be included in .html files
if(isset($_GET['uvon']) && $_GET['uvon']=='showon') $reout = "document.write('$reout');";

echo $reout;             // output /display the result
?>
  1. If you want to include the script above in a ".php" file, add the following code in the place you want to show the number of online users and visitors:

4.To show the number of online visitors /users in a ".html" file, use this code:

<script type="text/javascript" src="usersontxt.php?uvon=showon"></script>

This script (and the other presented below) works with $_SESSION. At the beginning of the PHP file in which you use it, you must add: session_start();. Count Online users and visitors using a MySQL table

To register, count and show the number of online visitors and users in a MySQL table, require to perform three SQL queries: Delete the records older than a certain time. Insert a row with the new user /visitor, or, if it is already inserted, Update the timestamp in its column. Select the remaining rows. Here's the code for a script that uses a MySQL table (named "userson") to store and display the Online Users and Visitors.

  1. First we create the "userson" table, with 2 columns (uvon, dt). In the "uvon" column is stored the name of the user (if logged in) or the visitor's IP. In the "dt" column is stored a number with the timestamp (Unix time) when the page is accessed.
  • Add the following code in a php file (for example, named "create_userson.php"):

The code for create_userson.php:

<?php
header('Content-type: text/html; charset=utf-8');

// HERE add your data for connecting to MySQ database
$host = 'localhost';           // MySQL server address
$user = 'root';                // User name
$pass = 'password';            // User`s password
$dbname = 'database';          // Database name

// connect to the MySQL server
$conn = new mysqli($host, $user, $pass, $dbname);

// check connection
if (mysqli_connect_errno()) exit('Connect failed: '. mysqli_connect_error());

// sql query for CREATE "userson" TABLE
$sql = "CREATE TABLE `userson` (
 `uvon` VARCHAR(32) PRIMARY KEY,
 `dt` INT(10) UNSIGNED NOT NULL
 ) CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci"; 

// Performs the $sql query on the server to create the table
if ($conn->query($sql) === TRUE) echo 'Table "userson" successfully created';
else echo 'Error: '. $conn->error;

$conn->close();
?>
  1. Now we create the script that Inserts, Deletes, and Selects data in the userson table (For explanations about the code, see the comments in script).
  • Add the code below in another php file (named usersmysql.php): In both file you must add your personal data for connecting to MySQL database, in the variables: $host, $user, $pass, and $dbname .

The code for usersmysql.php:

<?php
// Script Online Users and Visitors - coursesweb.net/php-mysql/
if(!isset($_SESSION)) session_start();         // start Session, if not already started

// HERE add your data for connecting to MySQ database
$host = 'localhost';           // MySQL server address
$user = 'root';                // User name
$pass = 'password';            // User`s password
$dbname = 'database';          // Database name

/*
 If you have an user registration script,
 replace $_SESSION['nume'] with the variable in which the user name is stored.
 You can get a free registration script from:  http://coursesweb.net/php-mysql/register-login-script-users-online_s2
*/

// get the user name if it is logged, or the visitors IP (and add the identifier)
$vst_id = '-vst-';         // an identifier to know that it is a visitor, not logged user
$uvon = isset($_SESSION['nume']) ? $_SESSION['nume'] : $_SERVER['SERVER_ADDR']. $vst_id;

$rgxvst = '/^([0-9.]*)'. $vst_id. '/i';         // regexp to recognize the rows with visitors
$dt = time();                                    // current timestamp
$timeon = 120;             // number of secconds to keep a user online
$nrvst = 0;                                     // to store the number of visitors
$nrusr = 0;                                     // to store the number of usersrs
$usron = '';                                    // to store the name of logged users

// connect to the MySQL server
$conn = new mysqli($host, $user, $pass, $dbname);

// Define and execute the Delete, Insert/Update, and Select queries
$sqldel = "DELETE FROM `userson` WHERE `dt`<". ($dt - $timeon);
$sqliu = "INSERT INTO `userson` (`uvon`, `dt`) VALUES ('$uvon', $dt) ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE `dt`=$dt";
$sqlsel = "SELECT * FROM `userson`";

// Execute each query
if(!$conn->query($sqldel)) echo 'Error: '. $conn->error;
if(!$conn->query($sqliu)) echo 'Error: '. $conn->error;
$result = $conn->query($sqlsel);

// if the $result contains at least one row
if ($result->num_rows > 0) {
  // traverse the sets of results and set the number of online visitors and users ($nrvst, $nrusr)
  while($row = $result->fetch_assoc()) {
    if(preg_match($rgxvst, $row['uvon'])) $nrvst++;       // increment the visitors
    else {
      $nrusr++;                   // increment the users
      $usron .= '<br/> - <i>'.$row['uvon']. '</i>';          // stores the user's name
    }
  }
}

$conn->close();                  // close the MySQL connection

// the HTML code with data to be displayed
$reout = '<div id="uvon"><h4>Online: '. ($nrusr+$nrvst). '</h4>Visitors: '. $nrvst. '<br/>Users: '. $nrusr. $usron. '</div>';

// if access from <script>, with GET 'uvon=showon', adds the string to return into a JS statement
// in this way the script can also be included in .html files
if(isset($_GET['uvon']) && $_GET['uvon']=='showon') $reout = "document.write('$reout');";

echo $reout;             // output /display the result
?>
  1. After you have created these two php files on your server, run the "create_userson.php" on your browser to create the "userson" table.

  2. Include the usersmysql.php file in the php file in which you want to display the number of online users and visitors.

  3. Or, if you want to insert it in a ".html" file, add this code:

Examples using these scripts

• Including the "usersontxt.php` in a php file:

<!doctype html>

Counter Online Users and Visitors

• Including the "usersmysql.php" in a html file:

<!doctype html>
<html>
<head>
 <meta charset="utf-8" />
 <title>Counter Online Users and Visitors</title>
 <meta name="description" content="PHP script to count and show the number of online users and visitors" />
 <meta name="keywords" content="online users, online visitors" />
</head>
<body>

<!-- Includes the script ("usersontxt.php", or "usersmysql.php") -->
<script type="text/javascript" src="usersmysql.php?uvon=showon"></script>

</body>
</html>

Both scripts (with storing data in a text file on the server, or into a MySQL table) will display a result like this: Online: 5

Visitors: 3 Users: 2

  • MarPlo
  • Marius
Wednesday, March 31, 2021
 
Rocket
answered 7 Months ago
39

yo need create the user "pma" in mysql or change this lines(user and password for mysql):

/* User for advanced features */
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser'] = 'pma'; 
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlpass'] = '';

Linux: /etc/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php

Tuesday, July 13, 2021
 
ShadowZzz
answered 4 Months ago
71

Try your site in this facebook debugger tool.

http://developers.facebook.com/tools/debug

It will tell you what is missing.Eg. below in page head

<meta property="og:image" content="[url to image]" />
<meta property="og:title" content="[page name]" />
<meta property="og:description" content="[content description]" />

There are different ways depending on how your site is built. Eg. This Wordpress plugin creates a link for each image on the page so you can chose between your logo and any other post image on the page.

Update 2017: It is now recommended to register a Facebook App ID for your site otherwise the debugger will give you an error. More tags and info

Sunday, August 1, 2021
 
andrews_nz
answered 3 Months ago
73
SELECT
  A.Line,
  week1.1stweek,
  week2.2ndweek,
  ...
  IFNULL(week1.1stweek,0) + IFNULL(week2.2ndweek,0) + .... AS total
FROM
   inspection_report AS A
LEFT JOIN (
  SELECT Line, (SUM(S) + SUM(A) + SUM(B)*0.4 + SUM(C)*0.1)/COUNT(Serial_number) AS 1stweek FROM inspection_report WHERE DAY(Inspection_datetime) BETWEEN 1 AND 7 GROUP BY Line, WEEK, YEAR) AS week1 USING (Line)
LEFT JOIN (
  SELECT Line, (SUM(S) + SUM(A) + SUM(B)*0.4 + SUM(C)*0.1)/COUNT(Serial_number) AS 2ndweek FROM inspection_report WHERE DAY(Inspection_datetime) BETWEEN 8 AND 14 GROUP BY Line, WEEK, YEAR) AS week2 USING (Line)
...
GROUP BY Line
Friday, August 6, 2021
 
JohnnyW
answered 3 Months ago
44

Here's the perl code. Counting words can be somewhat subjective, but I just say it's any string of characters that isn't whitespace.

open(FILE, "<file.txt") or die "Could not open file: $!";

my ($lines, $words, $chars) = (0,0,0);

while (<FILE>) {
    $lines++;
    $chars += length($_);
    $words += scalar(split(/s+/, $_));
}

print("lines=$lines words=$words chars=$charsn");
Wednesday, August 11, 2021
 
MassiveAttack
answered 3 Months ago
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